SA Problem Solvers:
Adam
Tomaso
Leah
Amanda
Pat
Randy
Kohei
Emily
Meg
Brooke


The Greenwich Time RSS

Jensen, E

Writing Goals:
1. I have to work on making connections between two or more academic disciplines.
2. I have to be more organized and start writing a couple of days in advance.
3. I have to write in well-thought out prose and display my argument in a clear way.

sources seemed creditable because one was .gov and government sites are usually trustworthy
I checked out the other site and its information seemed valid
i think that the nasa site will be helpful because nasa has a great deal of advanced technology and can efficiently observe the effects of global climate change the other site is for students so that seemed helpful as well


Hot Log # 1
I believe that Global Climatic Disruption and Global Warming are both accurate terms for climate changes that began with the industrial revolution. Since the industrial revolution, we have been burning fossil fuels and biomass. This process releases greenhouse gases and aerosols into the atmosphere and prevent a certain amount of heat from entering space. As human activity causes more and more carbon dioxide to be trapped in the atmosphere, the earth's temperature increases. In fact, the earth's surface temperature is currently increasing "at a rate of approximately .32 degrees Fahrenheit per decade" (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1). Before the industrial revolution our atmosphere was heated mostly by volcanic eruptions, changes in the earth's orbit, and changes in the sun's intensity. It clear that this excessive heating of our atmosphere is one many causes of the irregular incidents that are taking place on earth. For this reason, Global Warming is a perfectly accurate description for the problem this problem that we are currently faced with. However, the burning of fossil fuels and biomass has also caused other problems. Not only has it caused shorter winters in some areas, but precipitation levels are changing dramatically all over the globe. These precipitation changes have caused severe draughts and floods in many countries. There have also been storm changes with much stronger tornados, hail storms, and hurricanes. Sea levels are also increasing due to the melting of the polar ice caps. For these reasons it can be easily argued that the excessive heating of the atmosphere is interfering with the normal patterns of climate change around the world. When it comes down to it, the term doesn't really matter. If people would stop clouding their heads with financial and political ambitions, we could reduce our carbon footprint.

Is Global Warming a Myth?
It is evident that Global is an actual threat to the world we live in. Although many people argue that our world has gone through dramatic climate changes since the beginning of time, this continuous heating of our earth's surface is unlike anything we have seen before. Ever since the industrial revolution humans have been burning fossil fuels that leaks large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere. More of these greenhouse gases are being trapped in the earth's atmosphere and is causing the surface of the earth to become hotter. In fact, if humans continue to burn fossil fuels and cut down trees, the "Earth's surface could increase from 3.2 to 7.2ºF above 1990 levels by the end of this century" (U.S. EPA, Basic Information). For those who believe that Global Warming is simply a myth, I ask them to look at the current evidence that this is indeed a serious problem. Permafrost in the polar ice caps and Greenland has been melting. Scientists have been taking samples of ice and they illustrate how ice has been melting almost twice as fast as it used to before the industrial revolution. Animals like Polar Bear are suffering from this destruction of their habitat and factories, pipelines, and building are quickly being disabled. If the ice continues to melt this quickly, parts of New York, India, and other countries and states will be underwater. The change is weather patterns is also proof that Global Warming is not a myth. There has been a dramatic increase and decrease in precipitation levels across the globe. This has caused traumatic droughts and floods. Tragedies such as Hurricane Katrina illustrate how hailstorms, hurricanes, forest fires, and tornadoes have also become more frequent and life threatening. Global Warming has also had a direct effect on human health. Our air quality has become really poor and many people suffer from many respiratory complications such as asthma. Furthermore, dramatic climate changes can cause heat waves, which have given many people heat strokes. These changes may also increase the risk of diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. This evidence leaves the opposing side’s argument untenable. If we do not put a stop to pollution and deforestation, the effects will only get worse.

Hot Log: Is the supply of fossil fuels decreasing?
Fossil fuels are hydrocarbon deposits in the earth's crust, such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas, that are derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel (Houghton Mifflin Company). The United States started using fossil fuels as an energy resource during the Industrial Revolution. Organic fuels were replaced with fossil fuels such as coal to power machinery. In the United States fossil fuels make up 85% of the energy supply. Fossil fuels are found underground and are formed when the remains of living organisms are exposed to extreme pressure and heat. However it takes hundreds of millions of years for this matter to become fossil fuel. Despite the fact that the burning of fossil fuels causes pollution and the Greenhouse Effect, extracting them from the earth's crust seemed to be a perfectly efficient way to access energy. The problem is our fossil fuel consumption began to rapidly increase after the Industrial Revolution and fossil fuels take hundreds of millions of years to form. The "United States has already increased their consumption of fossil fuels by 20 fold in the last four decades" (Pfeiffer 1). In addition, the demand for energy is relatively high at the moment and is expected to "triple by 2050 due to a population increase of approximately 3,000,000,000 people" (GENI 1). For this reason, many people are unwilling to invest in expensive alternative energy resources that may have them experience a loss of revenue in the short run. If humans continue to use fossil fuels, the consumption rate is expected to increase, then they may reach a point where they have to wait for the supply of fossil fuels to be replenished.

Bibliography:
"Frequently Asked Questions." General Energy Network Institute. 12 July 2007. General Energy Network Institute. 26 Jan 2009 <http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/faq/renewable-energy/faq_fossil-fuel-production.shtml>.

Pfeiffer, Dale. "Eating Fossil Fuels." Energy Bulletin . 02 October 2003. 26 Jan 2009 <http://www.energybulletin.net/node/281>.


Outline:
Opening Question- ask the audience if they believe Global Warming is a myth
give def of global climate change
Give basic current statistics from those who think it is a myth
give our statistics
ask they audience if they can think of any real world examples/events
ex- forest fires, droughts,etc.
name the more severe occurrences caused by Global Climate Change
ex- Hurricane Katrina
ask students if they can name any industries, companies, or countries that are big contributors to global warming
ask students questions about what they think the future impacts will be
(show clips from the movies we have seen, ex- An Inconvenient Truth)
can ask students to raise their hands if they are from countries that will suffer most damage

Part 2:
ask students how they can stop their negative impact on the environment- propose our solutions
ask what we can do as a school-come up with project for next year
ask students to raise hands once more if they believe Global Warming is still a myth

Export sector 'faces $5bn burden in first five years': Miners step up attack on ETS by Patricia Karvelas

This article is about how coal miners in Australia are being forced to reduce their carbon emissions but aren't necessarily being compensated for it. This has angered many people because coal miners have had to produce less because they cannot cover the cost. At the same time, the UK is about to open 58 new coal mines. The miners finally were able to negotiate and were offered a "750million over five years in a special abatement fund to help mines reduce their emissions"(Karvelas 1). A spokeswoman for the government argued that they are only putting miners through such trouble because the government is trying to find the right balance in order to reduce carbon pollution and to promote economic growth. I think this will be useful to our class because it highlights the conflict between being environmentally and economically friendly at the same time. It also shows us that compromise is possible and will help us encourage others to fight for change. This article's information could be used if we talk the economy's role in current pollution problems. NB: Emily, can you state and then make your source here a hypertext?--Mr. Sullivan

Go Green: Earth's future depends on it by Philip S. Wenz
The San Francisco Chronicle
This article is about how society has become less sustainable. Instead of giving up our materialistic way of life, people in countries such as the U.S. are consuming more natural resources than is necessary. But this reduced consumption does not guarantee impoverishment. If we can control our population, use renewable energy, and encourage everyone to think green, then we have a decent shot at saving the planet.
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/01/16/HO631518A0.DTL

Hot, Flat, and Crowded Outline

Chapter One:
"Green is not simply a new form of generating electric power. It is a new form of generating national power-period" (Friedman 23).
This chapter talks about where we are right now as a nation. We have not truly invested in our future and have become dependent on foreign oil. Although many people fear that going green would jeopardize the american lifestyle/economy, it would allow our nation to become more powerful and productive.


Chapter Two:
"We are the frog, the pail is getting hot, flat, and crowded, and we need a long term survival plan- a ladder out of the pail" (Friedman 48).
We are living in the Energy-Climate Era and we need to address the five key problems: energy supply and demand, petropolitics, climate change, energy poverty, and biodiversity loss.

Chapter Three:
"It is a tale of consumption in a flat world, when so many more people are starting to prosper, consume energy, and emit carbon dioxide at the same level of Americans" (Friedman 54).
Americans have to lead the way in becoming environmentally efficient become too many people have followed our dangerous behavior. Going green is challenging because people are going to have to change their current lifestyle, battle with the rising energy demand, and the time and money it will take to create/discover renewable energy sources.

Chapter Four:
"Any American strategy for promoting democracy in a oil-rich region that does not include a plan for developing renewable energy alternatives that can eventually bring down the price of oil is doomed to fail" (Friedman 110)
This quote illustrates how politicians must put environmental issues into consideration for the well being of the planet and people's pocket's.

Chapter Five:
"But we not only need people to accept that it is real, but also to accept just how real it could be-that the dice may come up sixty if we don't act now to begin mitigating and adapting." (Friedman 138).
This quote illustrates how climate change is not a matter of opinion or politics, but is a real life threat that cannot be avoided. If we do not prepare ourselves for the possibility of future damage, there will be no hope for us.

Chapter Six:
"Later is over. That is the psychological biodiversity redline we have passed as we entered the Energy-Climate Era" (Friedman 153).
If we continue to change to the climate, we will continue to destroy the things that regulate life on earth. Then we will have to manage more on our own and at a price.

Chapter Seven:
"For the first time in the history of the world we have the opportunity to achieve a balance between localization and globalization"(Friedman 168).
Energy poverty is a huge problem in our world today, but we can fix it by creating sustainable villages.

Chapter Eight:
"In my view, moving to Code Green means putting in place a system of government policies,regulations, research funding, and tax incentives that would stimulate a system for innovating, generating, and deploying clean electrons, energy efficiency, and resource productivity, along with a ethic of conservation" (Friedman 199).
This is the golden line of chapter eight because it shows the importance of clean energy and how we can use our government to help us conquer global climatic disruption.

Group Analysis:
1. Consensus was built on how to attack problem
needs improvement-not everyone was participating and it took us a while to get on task. Everyone was distracted because there weren't any teachers in the room. Next time we need to be more efficient with the time we have.

2. The group worked together to develop the outline- needs much improvement
Like I mentioned before, not everyone was participating. In fact, some people were even doing other things on their computers and not paying attention to the assignment at all. We need to be more disciplined next time.

3. The previous outlines were used- Effective
Many people mentioned what they had written on their outline and it was fairly easy to compromise what to and what not to include in our new outline. We even formed new ideas from out group effort.

4. The group utilized leadership skills to achieve the goal- needs improvement
There wasn't really one leader and only a few people spoke up. People were often talking over each other and no one could really control the behavior of the entire group.

5. The group stayed on topic- needs much improvement
Everyone was easily distracted. We managed to get some work done, but we often went off topic and would talk about irrelevant things for a while. It was difficult for everyone to maintain their focus.

Self Analysis:

1. Although I was also distracted at times, I tried my best to be a leader during most of the discussion. I tried to make sure that everyone was okay with every decision that was made and that everyone was able to have their opinion heard.

2. Yes, I listened to anyone that was talking about something on topic. I only got off topic when the majority of the class got distracted.

3. Not really, I was able to have all of my opinions heard. I regret not staying 100% on topic.

Antarctica is warming, not cooling, study finds by Lewis Smith

This article is about how Antarctica is warming. Even though some of the continent has experienced a drop in temperatures, over the past two decades, the continent has been warming up at a rate of .12 C every decade since the 1950s. If the "West Antarctic sheet were to melt, the sea level would rise about 7 meters" (Smith 1).

Hot Log 4

Will Alternative Energy Resources prevent Global Climate Change and the Greenhouse Effect?
Alternative Energy is energy that is not derived from fossil fuels. Typically, this alternative energy would replace the energy derived from the burning of fossil fuels. It is essential to our planet's health to stop using coal, petroleum, and natural gas because they can cause the greenhouse effect. Certain components in the earth's atmosphere absorb ultraviolet and solar radiation before it can break the surface. However, a great deal of visible light is able to pass through. The visible light then turns into heat and is re-radiated in the form of invisible infrared radiation (The Greenhouse Effect 1). Molecules known as Greenhouse Gases, re-radiate this heat in various directions and prevent much of it from entering space. This allows the earth's temperature to remain hospitable. However, as the world continues to consume an increasing amount of fossil fuels, too many greenhouse gases are being produced. As a result, the atmosphere is trapping more heat than is necessary. The earth's temperature has been increasing by .32 Fahrenheit every decade. This temperature increase has caused changes in climate and bring more droughts, floods, hail storms, hurricanes, etc. to civilizations around the world. If the excess amount of heat melts the polar ice caps, the drastic change in sea level could destroy ecosystems and human homes across the globe. If we were to use alternative energy resources such as winder power and solar power, we could prevent these things from happening. By using wind power, solar power, and electricity, the world could decrease its carbon emissions and generate more energy. For example, on a cloudless day we could harness "1KW/m2 of energy per hour from the sun" (Solar Water Works 1). Although many people feel that building wind towers and installing solar panels would destroy the economy it would actually benefit it in the long run. After the cost of instillation, harnessing these natural resources is completely free.

bibliography:

"Solar Water Heating." Solar Water Works. Solar Water Works. 28 Jan 2009 <http://www.solarwaterworks.com/whysolar.asp>.
"The Greenhouse Effect." Project Learn: Cycles of the Earth's atmosphere. 2000. University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. 28 Jan 2009 <http://www.ucar.edu/learn/1_3_1.htm#top>.

Stern recipe for change

by Jonathan Leake

In this article Lord Nicholas Stern discusses how new technology to reduce carbon emissions could be dangerous for the economy. He argues that going green will take a great deal of investment. He does not agree with those that argue that new technology will create jobs and that new infrastructure investments could help England rebuild their profits.

Does deforestation contribute toglobal climate change?

Every year, approximately 20 million hectares of rainforest are cut down. If we do not stop deforestation, most of the world’s tropical forests will be gone by the end of the century. This is a problem because trees are essential to maintaining a stable climate on earth. Trees remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it in their leaves and roots. Deforestation in the tropics “releases 1.5 billion tones of carbon each year and account for 20 percent ofcarbon emissions due to human activity” (Science News 1). If this continues an “estimated 87 to 130 billion tones of carbon will enter the atmosphere”(Science News 1). If too much carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere it could affect the ability of trees to accumulate carbon. Cutting down trees also contributes to global warming because some trees absorb sunlight. When there are less trees to reflect sunlight, more heat can be trapped in the atmosphere. In addition, when workers light fires to destroy forests, it releases pollutants into the air, which can also contribute to global climate change. Although deforestation is a significant portion of our carbon footprint, many countries continue to destroy rainforests. This is because deforestation brings in the majority of revenue of the countries surrounding tropical forests. If policy makers can help take action and reduce carbon emissions from deforestation by 50%, we could prevent 50 billion tones of carbon from entering the atmosphere.

"Confirmed: Deforestation Plays Critical Climate Change Role." ScienceDaily. 08 Feb 2009. ScienceDaily. 2 Feb 2009 <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070511100918.htm>.

"Tropical Deforestation and Global Warming." Union of Concerned Scientists. 2009. Union of Concerned Scientists. 2 Feb 2009 <http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/science_and_impacts/impacts/tropical-deforestation-and.html>.

Position Paper
In ten years, I believe that there will be new technology targeted at reducing our carbon footprint. Although my family has never been completely green, we have already made some small adjustments in our lifestyle to help fight global climate change. For example, my mom switched all of our light bulbs to compact fluorescent light bulbs. We have also tried to buy low emission vehicles. Because of this, I believe that in ten years my family will at least have green household appliances. My parents will probably sell one of their four cars and try to buy the most environmentally friendly vehicle available, depending on the status of the economy. However, if the political world impedes the growth of eco-friendly technology, I do not think that my family will make any dramatic sacrifices to reduce their carbon footprint. Because people are so used to the luxury of motor vehicles, I do not think that many people will try to walk or bike more if environmentally friendly cars are not undergoing mass production. For example, a number of men in my town could easily walk to and from the train station to get to work. However, many of them will jump in their SUVs so they can save a little time. I also believe that in ten years, there will be many more politicians who stress the importance of solving the global climate change crisis and my family will definitely have their support. If politicians have successfully created numerous green collar jobs, I think men and women, such as my parents, would be willing to join a growing industry. If the oil companies lost numbers, it would be a lot easier for politicians to pass laws that help reduce our carbon footprint.
I would like to see our country move towards becoming a green nation at a faster pace. Ideally, I would like to see many wealthy people in my town switch from their position at oil companies to green collar jobs. I would want the teenagers in Greenwich to stop driving their escalades simply to go to town and to try and use public transportation or their own two feet. I would like to see my family sell at least two of our cars when all of us are in college. I hope that we would also try to buy hybrid cars or the current green vechile of the time to reduce our carbon footprint. I also hope that all of our household appliances were carbon neutral and that we would have solar panels on our roof. Every member of my family could walk or bike to almost every place they travel to daily.